Excessive drinking, food and other unhealthy lifestyle are the culprit for the formation of fatty liver, fatty liver in our fear of affecting the normal function of the liver, there is a greater shadow is quietly approaching, that is - editor's note: the improvement of living standard and changes in diet for fatty liver the "rich man's disease" in our country the incidence rate increased significantly, among them, 30 to 40 year old male army patients with fatty liver in the main, basically accounted for all patients with fatty liver 1/4. More people worried that many hospitals and even found a 14th Five-Year year old little fatty liver patients!
The incidence of fatty liver appeared dilinghua trend. A survey shows that the incidence of fatty liver in Guangzhou 30 year old population of 20% to 30%, the incidence of fatty liver in a college in Shanghai is 8.8%, the incidence rate of fatty liver in a college in Beijing is 11%.
Fatty liver in the end is what kind of disease? Why are so many people prone to fatty liver? In our confusion for the fatty liver, more and more people are beginning to worry - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Why fatty liver can be changed into liver cirrhosis? Why fatty liver can promote the formation of cancer? How to prevent and cure fatty liver? On these issues, the reporter interviewed the people's Liberation Army No.304 Hospital, director of the Department of digestion, Dr. Hou Peng.
Fatty liver is easy to be misdiagnosed.
Under normal circumstances, the liver of the human body decomposition, synthesis, detoxification and metabolism of fat, such as a series of fine and complex operation has always maintained a dynamic equilibrium state. Hou Peng said that the normal human liver tissue contains a small amount of fat, the weight of about 4% to 5% of the weight of the liver. If the liver fat accumulation is too much, more than 10% or even 15% of the liver weight, it is called fatty liver.
Fatty liver can be divided into two types: acute and chronic. Acute fatty liver similar to acute and subacute viral hepatitis is rare, the clinical symptoms of fatigue, nausea, vomiting and different degrees of jaundice and hepatic coma and renal failure occurred in the short term, serious person can die from complications in a few hours, if timely treatment, the disease can be improved quickly in the short term.
Chronic fatty liver is more common, onset is slow, hidden, long course of disease. Early no obvious clinical symptoms, is occasionally found in the ultrasound, some patients can appear anorexia, nausea, fatigue, liver pain, abdominal distension, abdominal distension and oppression, right. Because these symptoms are not specific, and the general chronic gastritis, cholecystitis similar, so often easily misdiagnosed by mistake.
The wine is the culprit
The development of fatty liver cirrhosis, mainly because of the large number of long-term accumulation of fat in liver cells, the blood supply, oxygen supply and its metabolism is affected, causing massive hepatic cell swelling, inflammation and necrosis, will eventually lead to liver fiber proliferation and formation of pseudolobuli.
Chronic alcoholics nearly 60% fatty liver, 20% to 30% will eventually develop into liver cirrhosis. The incidence of non alcoholic fatty liver disease is 25%, the probability of the occurrence of liver cirrhosis is low, the development process is relatively slow, about 1.5% to 8% of the patients can progress to cirrhosis.
Talking about the relationship between fatty liver and liver cancer, Hou Peng said, fatty liver is an early liver toxicity of the fatty liver disease itself and the occurrence of primary liver cancer has no direct relationship, not the risk factors of fatty liver in hepatocellular carcinoma. However, some causes of fatty liver, such as drinking, malnutrition, drug and toxic substances damage, both risk factors of fatty liver, risk factors, and liver cancer therefore, fatty liver has an auxiliary factors on the occurrence of liver cancer, can increase the risk of cancer. In the low incidence of hepatitis virus infection, alcohol induced liver cirrhosis is an important factor of hepatocellular carcinoma, about 2% to 3% of chronic alcoholics with alcoholic cirrhosis develop liver cancer. In China's alcoholic hepatic cirrhosis and liver cancer are almost always associated with hepatitis B virus and / or hepatitis C virus infection, and alcoholism and chronic viral hepatitis of coexisting liver cancer incidence rate is high, early age of onset, short life expectancy.
Hou Peng said that the non alcoholic fatty liver disease incidence rate is low, there is a late, so very little of the occurrence of liver cancer. So, away from the alcohol is far away from the fatty liver, is far from the liver cancer.